|10. c. 1830 – John B. Nealley House – 169 Main Street|
Thought to have been built by Charles Northend Cogswell (1797-1846), this house then became the home of Hon. John B. Nealley (1810-1886) and Mary Elizabeth Jewett Nealley (1817-1890). She was the daughter of Thomas D. Jewett, Sarah Orne Jewett’s great uncle and a partner in the Jewett shipping business. A native of New Hampshire, John B. Nealley opened a law practice here in 1845 and became an official of the Portsmouth Manufacturing Company cotton mill. He was South Berwick’s tax collector in the 1860s and 1870s, and served in the Maine state senate in 1870 and 1871.
Cogswell. Charles Northend Cogswell, an attorney who served as Maine state senator and representative in the 1830s and 1840s, built this house, according to local historian Margarey Foote (1834 - 1915). Born in South Berwick in 1797, he was the son of Northend Cogswell, who lived on Portland Street. He attended Berwick Academy and graduated from Bowdoin in 1814 at the age of 17, then became a law partner of William Allen Hayes (source: 1880 History of York County).
Charles Northend Cogswell - Photo courtesy of Berwick Academy
A memoir by Mary Jewett states that Cogswell shared a law office with Hayes on the second floor of the Parks Store. "It is said that for many years more business was done in their office than in any other in the country," according to the History of York County. "Mr. Cogswell possessed the confidence of the community in a large degree, not merely in his professional services but in his business relations and public duties. He was often elected to represent his town and county in the Legislature and Senate of the State, and was a member of the latter body in 1833-34. After an honorable and useful life he died suddenly on the 11th of October, 1843, in the forty-seventh year of his age. Judge Goodenow, in reply to the application to place upon the records of the court the resolves of sympathy adopted by the bar, observed, 'In a professional career of twenty-five years, few, very few, have accomplished it so well. His talents for business were indeed extraordinary, and he was most diligent in the employment of them. His memory was retentive, and he was exceedingly accurate in all his transactions in his office and in the courts. His whole demeanor was amiable and exemplary.'"
The intersection of Main and Academy Streets, South Berwick, about 1860
Son Frederick T. Neally worked as a cobbler and harness maker. He married Addie Knox of Dover in 1879. At the Corner, off Central Square, his shop was at today’s 10 Portland Street, where the old Jewett store had been founded half a century before by his grandfather, Thomas Jewett. Mary Jewett wrote that the business was at one time known as Carpenter and Nealley. John B. Nealley died in 1886, and his wife Mary Elizabeth in 1890.